工業管道設計技術詞匯-1

工業管道設計技術詞匯

(中英對照完整版)

1 管道組成件 Piping component
1.1 管子 Pipe

管子(按照配管標準規格制造的) pipe 管子(不按配管標準規格制造的其他用管)tube 鋼管 steel pipe 鑄鐵管 cast iron pipe

襯里管 lined pipe 復合管 clad pipe
碳鋼管 carbon steel pipe 合金鋼管 alloy steel pipe
不銹鋼 stainless steel pipe 奧氏體不銹鋼管 austenitic stainless steel pipe
鐵合金鋼管 ferritic alloy steel pipe 軋制鋼管 wrought-steel pipe
鍛鐵管 wrought-iron pipe 無縫鋼管 seamless (SMLS) steel pipe
焊接鋼管 welded steel pipe 電阻焊鋼管 electric-resistance welded steel pipe
電熔(?。┖镐摪寰砉?electric-fusion (arc)-welded steel-plate pipe
螺旋焊接鋼管 spiral welded steel pipe 鍍鋅鋼管 galvanized steel pipe
熱軋無縫鋼管 hot-rolling seamless pipe冷拔無縫鋼管 cold-drawing seamless pipe
水煤氣鋼管 water-gas steel pipe 塑料管 plastic pipe
玻璃管 glass tube 橡膠管 rubber tube
直管 run pipe; straight pipe
1.2 管件 Fitting
彎頭 elbow 異徑彎頭 reducing elbow
帶支座彎頭 base elbow k半徑彎頭 long radius elbow
短半徑彎頭 short radius elbow 長半徑180°彎頭 long radius return
短半徑180°彎頭 short radius return 帶支座三通 base tee
帶側向口的彎頭(右向或左向) side outlet elbow (right hand or left hand)
雙支管彎頭( 形) double branch elbow 三通 tee
異徑三通 reducing tee 等徑三通 straight tee
帶側向口的三通(右向或左向) side outlet tee (right hand or 1eft hand)
異徑三通(分支口為異徑) reducing tee (reducing on outlet)
異徑三通(一個直通口為異徑)reducing tee (reducing on one run)

異徑三通(一個直通口及分支口為異徑) reducing tee (reducing on one run and outlet)
異徑三通(兩個直通口為異徑,雙頭式)reducing tee (reducing on both runs, bull head)
45°斜三通 45°lateral 45°斜三通(支管為異徑)45°lateral (reducing on branch)
45°斜三通(一個直通口為異徑) 45° lateral (reducing on one run)
45°斜三通(一個直通口及支管為異徑) 45° lateral (reducing on one run and branch)
Y型三通(俗稱褲衩) true “Y” 四通 cross
等徑四通 straight cross 異徑四通 reducing cross
異徑四通(一個分支口為異徑)reducing cross (reducing on one outlet)
異徑四通(一個直通口及分支口為異徑) reducing cross (reducing on one run and outlet)
異徑四通(兩個分支口為異徑) reducing cross (reducing on both outlet)
異徑四通(一個直通口及兩個分支口為異徑) reducing cross (reducing on one run and both outlet) 異徑管 reducer
同心異徑管 concentric reducer 偏心異徑管 eccentric reducer
鍛制異徑管 reducing swage 螺紋支管臺 threadolet
焊接支管臺 weldolet 承插支管臺 sockolet
彎頭支管臺 elbolet 斜接支管臺 latrolet
鑲入式支管嘴 sweepolet 短管支管臺 nipolet
支管臺,插入式支管臺 boss 管接頭 coupling, full coupling
半管接頭 half coupling 異徑管接頭 reducing coupling
活接頭 union 內外螺紋縮接(俗稱補芯) bushing
管帽 cap (C) 堵頭 plug
短節 nipple 異徑短節 reducing nipple; swage nipple
1.3 彎管 Bend
預制彎管 fabricated pipe bend 跨越彎管(^ 形) cross-over bend
偏置彎管(~ 形) offset bend 90°彎管 quarter bend
環形彎管 cirele bend 單側偏置90°彎管(? 形) single offset quarter bend
S形彎管 “S” bend 單側偏置U形膨脹彎管(| ?形) single offset “U” bend
U形彎管 “U” bend 雙偏置U膨脹彎管 double offset expansion “U” bend
斜接彎管 mitre bend 三節斜接彎管 3-piece mitre bend
折皺彎管 corrugated bend 圓度 roundness
1.4 法蘭 Flange (FLG)
整體管法蘭 integral pipe flange 鋼管法蘭 steel pipe flange
螺紋法蘭 threaded flange 承插焊法蘭 socket welding flange
滑套法蘭(包括平焊法蘭) slip-on flange (SO); slip-on welding flange
松套法蘭 lap joint flange (LJF) 對焊法蘭 welding neckflange (WNF)
法蘭蓋 blind flange, blind 孔板法蘭 orifice flange
異徑法蘭 reducing flange 盤座式法蘭 pad type flange
松套帶頸法蘭 loose hubbed flange 焊接板式法蘭 welding plate flange
對焊環 welding neck collar (與stub end相似) 平焊環 welding-on collar
突緣短節 stub end, lap 翻邊端 lapped pipe end
松套板式法蘭 loose plate flange 壓力級 pressure rating, pressure rating class
壓力—溫度等級 pressure-temperature rating 法蘭密封面,法蘭面 flange facing
突面 raised face (RF) 凸面 male face (MF)
凹面 female face (FMF) 環連接面 ring joint face
榫面 tongue face 槽面 groove face

全平面;滿平面 flat face; full face (FF) 光滑突面 smooth raised face (SRF)
法蘭面加工 facing finish 粗糙度 roughness
光滑的 smooth 齒形 serrated
均方根 root mean square (RMS) 配對法蘭 companion-flange
算術平均粗糙高度 arithmetical average roughness height (AARH)
螺栓圓 bolt circle (B.C.)
1.5 墊片 Gasket (GSKT)
墊片的型式 type of gasket 平墊片 flat gasket
環形平墊片 flat ring gasket 平金屬墊片 flat metal gasket
夾棉織物的橡膠 elastomer with cotton fabric insertion
夾石棉織物的橡膠 elastomer with asbestos fabric insertion
夾石棉織物及金屬絲加強的橡膠 elastomer with asbestos fabric insertion and with wire reinforcement
無石墨壓縮白石棉墊片 non graphited compressed white asbestos gasket
天然白橡膠墊片 natural white rubber gasket
壓縮石棉墊片 compressed asbestos class gasket
浸聚四氟乙烯的石棉墊片 PTFE impregnated asbestos gasket
夾石棉的纏繞金屬墊片 spiral-wound metal gasket with asbestos filler
內環 inner ring 外環,外定位環 outer ring
波紋金屬墊片 corrugated metal gasket
波紋金屬包嵌石棉墊片 corrugated metal gasket with asbestos inserted
雙夾套波紋金屬包石棉墊片corrugated metal double jacketed asbestos filled gasket
雙夾套墊片 double jacketed gasket

金屬包石棉平墊片 flat metal jacketed asbestos filled gasket
整體金屬齒形墊片 solid metal serrated gasket槽形金屬墊片 grooved metal gasket
環形連接金屬墊片 ring joint metal gasket 八角環形墊片 octagonal ring gasket
橢圓環形墊片 oval ring gasket 透鏡式墊片 lens gasket
非金屬墊片 non-metallic gasket
1.6 閥門 Valve
1.6.1 閥門結構、零件

閥軛 yoke 外螺紋閥桿及閥軛 outside screw and yoke (OS & Y)
閥桿 stem 內螺紋 inside screw (IS)
閥軛套 yoke sleeve 閥桿環 stem ring
閥座 valve seat (body seat) 閥座環、密封圈 seat ring
整體(閥)座 integral seat 堆焊(閥)座 deposited seat
閥芯(包括密封圈、桿等內件) trim 閥盤 disc
閥盤密封圈 disc seat 閥體 body
閥蓋 bonnet 閥蓋襯套 bonnet bush
螺紋閥帽 screw cap 螺紋閥蓋 screw bonnet
螺栓連接的閥蓋 bolted bonnet (BB) 活接閥蓋(帽) union bonnet (cap)
螺栓連接的閥帽 bolted cap (BC) 焊接閥蓋 welded bonnet (WB)
本體閥桿密封 body stem seal 石棉安全密封 asbestos emenen seal
倒密封 back seal 壓力密封的閥蓋 pressure-tight bonnet
動力操縱器 powered operator 電動操縱器 electric motor operator
氣動操縱器 pneumatic operator 液壓操縱器 hydraulic operator
快速操縱器 quick-acting operator 滑動閥桿 sliding stem
正齒輪傳動 spur gear operated 傘齒輪傳動 bevel gear operated
扳手操作 wrench operated 鏈輪 chain wheel
手輪 hand wheel 手柄 hand lever (handle)
氣缸(或液壓缸)操縱的 cylinder operated 鏈條操縱的 chain operated
等徑孔道 full bore; full port 異徑孔道 reducing bore, reduced port,venturi port
短型 short pattern 緊湊型(小型) compact type
籠式環 lantern ring 壓蓋 gland
閥桿填料 stem packing 閥蓋墊片 bonnet gasket
升桿式(明桿) rising stem (RS) 非升桿式(暗桿) non-rising stem (NRS)
指示器/限位器 indicator/stopper 注油器 grease injector
可更換的閥座環 renewable seat ring
1.6.2 常用閥
(1)閘閥 gate valve

平行雙閘板 double disc parallel seat 開口楔形閘板 split wedge
撓性整體楔形閘扳 flexible solid wedge 整體楔形閘板 solid wedge
塞型閘閥 plug gate valve 直通型閘閥 through conduit gate valve
(2) 截止閥 globe valve
球心型閥盤 globe type disc 塞型閥盤 plug type disc
可轉動的閥盤 swivel disc
(3) 節流閃閥 throttle valve
針閥 needle valve
(4) 角閥 angle valve
(5) Y型閥(Y 型閥體截止閥) Y-valve (Y-body globe valve)
(6) 球閥 ball valve

三通球閥 3-way ball valve 裝有底軸的 trunnion mounted
耐火型 fire safe type 浮動球型 floating ball type
防脫出閥桿 blowout proof stem
(7) 蝶閥 butterfly valve
對夾式(薄片型) wafer type 凸耳式 lug type
偏心閥板蝶閥 offset disc burerfly valve; eccentric butterfly valve
斜閥盤蝶閥 canted disc butterfly valve 連桿式蝶閥 link butterfly valve
(8) 柱塞閥 piston type valve
(9) 旋塞閥 plug valve

三通旋塞閥 three-way plug valve 四通旋塞閥 four-way plug valve
旋塞 cock 襯套旋塞 sleeve cock
(10) 隔膜閥 diaphragm valve
橡膠襯里隔膜閥 rubber lined diaphragm valve
直通式隔膜閥 straight way diaphragm valve 堰式隔膜閥 weir diaphragm valve
(11) 夾緊式膠管閥 pinch valve(用于泥漿、粉塵等)
(12) 止回閥 check valve

升降式止回閥 lift check valve 旋啟式止回閥 swing check valve, flap check valve
落球式止回閥 ball check valve 彈簧球式止回閥 spring ball check valve
雙板對夾式止回閥 dual plate wafer type check valve 底閥 foot valve
無撞擊聲止回閥 non-slam cheek valve

切斷式止回閥 stop check valve; non-return valve 活塞式止回閥 piston check valve
斜翻盤止回閥 tilting disc check valve 蝶式止回閥 butterfly check valve
1.6.3 其它用途的閥
安全泄氣閥 safety valve (SV) 安全泄液閥 relief valve (RV)
安全泄壓閥 safety relief valve 杠桿重錘式 lever and weight type
引導閥操縱的安全泄氣閥 pilot operated safety valve 蒸汽疏水閥 steam trap
復式安全泄氣閥 twin type safety valve 罐底排污閥flush-bottom tank valve
電磁閥 solenoid valve, solenoid operated valve 氣動閥pneumatic operated valve
電動閥 electrically operated valve, electric-motor operated valve
低溫用閥 cryogenic service valve機械式疏水閻 mechanical trap
浮桶式疏水閥 open bucket trap, open top bucket trap 浮球式疏水閥 float trap
倒吊桶式疏水閥 inverted bucket trap 自由浮球式疏水閥 loose float trap
恒溫式疏水閥 thermostatic trap 金屬膨脹式蒸汽疏水閥metal expansion steam trap
液體膨脹式蒸汽疏水閥 liquid expansion steam trap
雙金屬膨脹式蒸汽疏水閥 bimetallic expansion steam trap
壓力平衡式恒溫疏水閥 balanced pressure thermostatic trap
熱動力式疏水閥 thermodynamic trap 脈沖式蒸汽疏水閥 impulse steam trap
放氣閥(自動放氣閥) air vent valve (automatic air vent valve) (疏水閥用)
平板式滑動閘閥 slab type sliding gate valve 蓋閥 flat valve
換向閥 diverting valve, reversing valve 熱膨脹閥 thermo expansion valve
自動關閉閥 self-closing gate valve 自動排液閥 self-draining valve
管道盲板閥 line-blind valve 擠壓閥 squeeze valve(用于泥漿及粉塵等)
呼吸閥 breather valve 風門、擋板 damper
減壓閥 pressure reducing valve, reducing valve 控制閥 control valve
膜式控制閥 diaphragm operated control valve 執行機構 actuator
背壓調節閥 back pressure regulating valve
差壓調節閥 differential pressure regulating valve
壓力比例調節閥 pressure ratio regulating valve
1.6.4 未指明結構(或閥型)的閥
切斷閥 block valve; shut-off valve; stop valve 調節閥 regulating valve
快開閥 quick opening valve 快閉閥 quick closing valve
隔斷閥 isolating valve 三通閥 three way valve
夾套闊 jacketed valve 非旋轉式閥 non-rotary valve
排污閥 blowdown valve 集液排放閥 drip valve
排液閥 drain valve 放空閥 vent valve
卸載閥 unloading valve 排出閥 discharge valve
吸入閥 suction valve 多通路閥 multiport valve
取樣閥 sampling valve 手動閥 hand-operated valve; manually operated valve
鍛造閥 forged valve 鑄造閥 cast valve
(水)龍頭 bibb; bib; faucet 抽出液閥(小閥) bleed valve
旁路閥 by-pass valve 軟管閥 hose valve
混合閥 mixing valve 破真空閥 vacuum breaker
沖洗閥 flush valve 第一道閥;根部閥 primary valve
根部閥 root valve 總管閥 header valve
事故切斷閥 emergency valve
1.7 管道特殊件 Piping Specialty
1.7.1 管道特殊件(組件)

粗濾器 strainer 過濾器 filter
臨時粗濾器(錐型) temporary strainer (cone type) y 型粗濾器 y-type strainer
T型粗濾器 T-type strainer 永久過濾器 permanent filter
絲網粗濾器 gauze strainer 洗眼器及淋浴器 eye washer and shower
視鏡 sight glass 阻火器 flame arrester
噴嘴;噴頭 spray nozzle 取樣冷卻器 sample cooler
消聲器 silencer 膨脹節 expansion joint
波紋膨脹節 bellow expansion joint 單波 single bellow
雙波 double bellow 多波 multiple bellow
壓力平衡式膨脹節 pressure balanced expansion帶鉸鏈膨脹節hinged expansion joint
軸向位移型膨脹節 axial movement type expansion joint
自均衡膨脹節(外加強環)self-equalizing expansion joint
帶接桿膨脹節 tied expansion joint 萬向型膨脹節 universal type expansion joint
球形補償器 ball type expansion joint
填函式補償器 slip type (packed type) expansion joint
單向滑動填料函補償器 single actionpacked slip joint
1.7.2 管道特殊元件Piping Special Element
軟管接頭 hose connection (HC) 快速接頭 quick coupling
金屬軟管 metal hose 橡膠管 rubber hose
撓性管 flexible tube 鞍形補強板 reinforcing saddles
補強板 reinforcement pad 特殊法蘭 special flange
漏斗 funnel 排液環 drip ring
排液漏斗 drain funnel 插板 blank
墊環 spacer 8字盲板 spectacle blind; figure 8 blind
限流孔板 restriction orifice 爆破片 rupture disk
法蘭蓋貼面 protective disc 費托立克接頭 victaulic coupling
1.8 端部連接 End Connection
法蘭端 flanged end 坡口端 beveled end (BE)
對焊端 butt welded end 平端 plain end (PE)
承插焊端 socket welding end 螺紋端 threaded end (TE)
承口 bell end 焊接端 welding end
法蘭連接(接頭) flanged joint 對焊連接(接頭) butt welded joint
螺紋連接,管螺紋連接 threaded joint, pipe threaded joint
錐管螺紋密封焊連接 seal-welded taper pipe threaded joint
承插焊連接(接頭) socket welded joint 承插連接(接頭) bell and spigot joint
環墊接頭 ring joint (RJ) 萬向接頭 universal joint
軟釬焊連接(接頭) soldered joint 搭接接頭,松套連接 lapped joint
外側厚度切斜角 bevel for outside thickncss
內側厚度切斜角 bevel for inside thickness
內外側厚度切斜角 bevel for combined thickness
法蘭式的 flanged (FLGD) 對焊的 butt welded (BW)
螺紋的 threaded (THD) 承插焊的 socket welded (SW)
小端為平的 small end plain (SEP) 大端為平的 large end plain (LEP)
兩端平 both ends plain (BEP) 小端帶螺紋 small end thread (SET)
大端帶螺紋 large end thread (LET) 兩端帶螺紋 both end thread (BET)
一端帶螺紋 one end thread (OET) 支管連接 branch connection
焊接支管 branch pipe welded directly to the run pipe

2 管道用緊固件及螺紋
2.1 緊固件

螺栓 bolt 六角頭螺栓 hexagonal head bolt
方頭螺栓 square head bolt 螺柱,雙頭螺栓 stud bolt
環頭螺檢 eye bolt 沉頭螺栓 countersunk (head) screw
地腳螺栓 anchor bolt; foundation bolt 松緊螺旋扣(花籃螺絲) turnbuckle
U形螺栓 U-bolt T形螺栓 T-bolt
圓頭螺釘 round head bolt 機螺栓,機螺釘 maehine bolt
頂開螺栓,頂起螺栓 Jack screw 自攻螺釘 self tapping screw
膨脹螺栓 expansion bolt 粗制的 coarse
精制的 finished, fine 螺母 nut
六角螺母 hexagonal nut 方螺母 square nut
蝶形螺母 wing nut 扁螺母 flat nut
鎖緊螺母 lock nut 墊圈 washer
平墊圈 plain washer 球面墊圈 spherical washer
彈簧墊圈 spring washer 方墊圈 square washer
斜墊圈 slant washer 銷軸 pinned shan
銷 pin 開口銷 cotter pin
定位銷 dowel pin 帶孔銷 pin with hole
圓錐銷 taper pin 鉚釘 rivet
鍵 key
2.2 螺紋
左螺left hand thread 右螺紋 right hand thread
管螺紋 pipe thread 錐管螺紋 taper pipe thread
直管螺紋straight pipe thread 梯形螺紋 trapezoid thread
螺距pitch of thread 粗牙螺紋coarse thread
細牙螺紋 fine thread 特細牙螺紋extra fine thread
通長螺紋full thread 惠氏螺紋whitworth thread
公制螺紋 metric ibread 螺孔 tap
美國標準錐管螺紋 American standard taper pipe thread (NPT)
3 材料、型鋼及填料
3.1 金屬材料
3.1.1 黑色金屬 Ferrous Metal

碳素鋼 carbon steel (CS) 低碳鋼 low-carbon steel
中碳鋼 medium-carbon steel 高碳鋼 high-carbon steel
普通碳素鋼 general carbon steel 優質碳素鋼 high-quality carbon steel
普通低合金結構鋼 general structure low-alloy steel
合金結構鋼 structural alloy steel 合金鋼 alloy steel
低合金鋼 low alloy steel 中合金鋼 medium alloy steel
高合金鋼 high alloy steel 耐熱鋼 heat resisting steel
高強度鋼 high strength steel 復合鋼 clad steel
工具鋼 tool steel 彈簧鋼 spring steel
鉬鋼 molybdenum steel 鎳鋼 nickel steel
鉻鋼 chromium steel 鉻鉬鋼 chrome-molybdenum steel
鉻鎳鋼 chromium-nickel steel,chrome-nickel steel 不銹鋼 stainless steel (S.S.)
奧氏體不銹鋼 Austenitic stainless steel馬氏體不銹鋼 Martensitic stainless steel
司特來合金(鎢鉻鈷臺金) Stellite 耐蝕耐熱鎳基合金 Hastelloy
鉻鎳鐵合金 inconel 耐熱鉻鎳鐵合金 incoloy
20合金 20 alloy 平爐鋼(馬丁鋼) Martin steel
鎮靜鋼 killed steel 半鎮靜鋼 semi-killed steel
沸騰鋼 rimmed steel; rimming steel; open-steel 鍛鋼 forged steel
鑄鋼 cast steel 鑄鐵 cast iron (C.I.)
灰鑄鐵 grey cast iron 可鍛鑄鐵 malleable iron (MI)
球墨鑄鐵 nodular cast iron; nodular graphite iron 生鐵 pig iron
熟鐵,鍛鐵 wrought iron 鑄件 casting
高硅鑄鐵 high silicon cast iron
3.1.2 鍍層及制造方法
鉻鋼,鍍鉻鋼 chromized steel 鍍鉻的 chromium-plated, chrome-plated
鍍層 plating 鍛造,型鋼 swage
鍛造的,鍛造 forging 軋制 rolling
熱軋 hot rolling 冷軋 cold rolling
擠壓 extruding 冷加工 cold working
熱加工 hot working 拔制 drawing
3.1.3 有色金屬Non-ferrous Metal
鋁 aluminum 銅,紫銅 copper
黃銅 brass 青銅 bronze
鋁青銅 aluminum bronze 磷青銅 phosphor bronze
鋁鎂合金 aluminum magnesium 錳青銅 manganese bronze
蒙乃爾(注:鎳及銅合金) Monel 鎳銅臺金 nickel copper alloy
非鐵合金 nonferrous alloy 鈦 titanium
鉛 lead 硬鉛 hard lead
3.1.4 材料性能
極限強度 ultimate strength 抗拉強度 tensile strength
屈服極限 yield limit 屈服點 yield point
延伸率 percentage elongation 抗壓強度 compressive strength
抗彎強度 bending strength 彈性極限 elastic limit
沖擊值 impact value 疲勞極限 fatigue limit
蠕變極限 creep limit 持久極限 endurance limit
布氏硬度 Brinell hardness 洛氏硬度 Rockwell hardness
維氏硬度 Vickers diamond hardness, diamond penetrator hardness
蠕變斷裂強度 creep rupture strength 斷面收縮率 reduction of area
韌性 toughess 脆性 brittleness
延性 ductility 冷脆 cold shortness
冷流 cold flow
3.2 非金屬材料 Non-metallic Material
塑料 plastic 丙烯腈—丁二烯—苯乙烯 acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)
聚乙烯 polyethylene (PE) 聚氯乙烯 polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
苯乙烯橡膠 styrene-rubber (SR) 聚丁烯 polybutylene (PB)
聚丙烯 polypropylene (PP) 聚苯乙烯 polystyrene (PS)
氯化聚醚 chlorinated polyether (CPE) 聚酰胺 polyamide (PA)
聚碳酸酯 polycarbonate (PC) 聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯 polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
醋酸丁酸纖維素cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB)
氯化聚氯乙烯 chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC)
聚偏二氟乙烯 polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) 縮醛塑料 acetal plastic
尼龍塑料 nylon plastic 聚烯烴 polyolefin (PO)
石墨酚醛塑料graphite phenolic plastics聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
纖維增強熱塑性塑料 fiber reinforced thermoplastics 熱塑性塑料 thermoplastic
熱固性塑料 thermosetting plastics 膠粘劑 adhesive
溶劑膠接劑 solvent cement 樹脂 resin
環氧樹脂 epoxy, epoxy resin 聚酯樹脂 polyester resin
聚酯纖維 polyester fibers 氟塑料 fluoroplastics
聚氨基甲酸酯 polyurethane 丙烯酸樹脂 acrylic resin
脲醛樹脂 urea resin 呋哺樹脂 furan resin
乙烯丙烯二烴單體 ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM)
合成橡膠 synthetic rubber 橡膠 rubber
丁腈橡膠 nitrile butadiene rubber 氯丁橡膠 neoprene
天然橡膠 natural rubber 乙丙橡膠 ethylene propylene rubber (EPR)
玻璃 glass 硼硅玻璃 borosilicate glass
耐火磚 fire brick 陶瓷 ceramic
搪瓷 porcelain enamel 木材 wood
3.3 型材
型鋼 shaped steel, section steel, swage 角鋼 angle steel
槽鋼 channel 工字鋼 I-beam
寬緣工字鋼或H鋼 wide flanged beam T型鋼 T-bar
方鋼 square bar 扁鋼 flat bar
角鋼 hexagonal steel bar 圓鋼 round steel; rod
鋼帶 strap steel 鋼板 plate
網紋鋼板 checkered plate 腹板(指型鋼的立板) web
翼緣(指型鋼的緣) wing
3.4 填料及填料函
填料 packing 石棉繩 asbestos rope, asbestos cord.
O形環 O-ring 自密封 self-sealing
四氟帶 Teflon tap 金屬填料 metallic stuffing
帶鉻鎳合金絲的石棉繩 asbestos rope with inconel wire, inconel wire asbestos
浸聚四氟乙烯的石棉填料 Teflon impregnated asbestos packing

填料箱,填料函 packing box, stuffing box 填料函壓蓋 stuffing box gland

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